Ecstasy, or MDMA, is a psychoactive drug that produces sensations of euphoria, relaxation, excitement, and increased energy. Ecstasy goes by a few different names, such as Molly, E, X, and Adam, among others. Its formal chemical name is 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine. This drug combines the effects of the stimulant amphetamine and the hallucinogen mescaline, creating a unique high that is unlike any other drug.
When someone takes ecstasy, the drug increases activity of three neurotransmitters in the body’s central nervous system. These neurotransmitters are serotonin, which is known to affect (among other things) mood and sexual arousal; dopamine, which controls the brain’s reward and pleasure centers; and norepinephrine, which controls the body’s functions of sleepiness and wakefulness.
Common physical and mental effects of ecstasy include:
Given that initial side effects of ecstasy are positive, it isn’t hard to understand how this drug soared to popularity in the 1970s and 1980s. However, as more scientists have had the chance to study ecstasy, and more people have experienced issues with the drug firsthand, negative and even harmful side effects have become clear. These include:
Many people take MDMA or ecstasy because it produces various energizing effects, which can include an increase in feelings of closeness, enhanced sexuality, alertness, and distortion of time and perception.1 Many of the effects and risks are similar to those of stimulants like cocaine.1
Ecstasy and MDMA stimulate the central nervous system, resulting in increased levels of the brain chemicals serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine.1,2 These chemicals are related to mood, energy levels, heart rate, blood pressure, and sexual arousal. Buy ecstasy pills forsale Australia
MDMA and ecstasy exert their effects within 30 to 45 minutes of ingestion and, depending on the purity of the drug, may last 4 to 6 hours.1 The effects that a person may experience can vary depending on:2